Preparatory to anything else Mr Bloom brushed off the greater bulk of

the shavings and handed Stephen the hat and ashplant and bucked him up

generally in orthodox Samaritan fashion which he very badly needed. His

(Stephen's) mind was not exactly what you would call wandering but a bit

unsteady and on his expressed desire for some beverage to drink Mr

Bloom in view of the hour it was and there being no pump of Vartry water

available for their ablutions let alone drinking purposes hit upon an

expedient by suggesting, off the reel, the propriety of the cabman's

shelter, as it was called, hardly a stonesthrow away near Butt bridge

where they might hit upon some drinkables in the shape of a milk and

soda or a mineral. But how to get there was the rub. For the nonce he

was rather nonplussed but inasmuch as the duty plainly devolved upon him

to take some measures on the subject he pondered suitable ways and means

during which Stephen repeatedly yawned. So far as he could see he was

rather pale in the face so that it occurred to him as highly advisable

to get a conveyance of some description which would answer in their

then condition, both of them being e.d.ed, particularly Stephen, always

assuming that there was such a thing to be found. Accordingly after a

few such preliminaries as brushing, in spite of his having forgotten

to take up his rather soapsuddy handkerchief after it had done yeoman

service in the shaving line, they both walked together along Beaver

street or, more properly, lane as far as the farrier's and the

distinctly fetid atmosphere of the livery stables at the corner of

Montgomery street where they made tracks to the left from thence

debouching into Amiens street round by the corner of Dan Bergin's. But

as he confidently anticipated there was not a sign of a Jehu plying for

hire anywhere to be seen except a fourwheeler, probably engaged by some

fellows inside on the spree, outside the North Star hotel and there was

no symptom of its budging a quarter of an inch when Mr Bloom, who was

anything but a professional whistler, endeavoured to hail it by emitting

a kind of a whistle, holding his arms arched over his head, twice.

This was a quandary but, bringing common sense to bear on it, evidently

there was nothing for it but put a good face on the matter and foot it

which they accordingly did. So, bevelling around by Mullett's and the

Signal House which they shortly reached, they proceeded perforce in the

direction of Amiens street railway terminus, Mr Bloom being handicapped

by the circumstance that one of the back buttons of his trousers had,

to vary the timehonoured adage, gone the way of all buttons though,

entering thoroughly into the spirit of the thing, he heroically made

light of the mischance. So as neither of them were particularly pressed

for time, as it happened, and the temperature refreshing since it

cleared up after the recent visitation of Jupiter Pluvius, they dandered

along past by where the empty vehicle was waiting without a fare or a

jarvey. As it so happened a Dublin United Tramways Company's sandstrewer

happened to be returning and the elder man recounted to his companion à

propos of the incident his own truly miraculous escape of some little

while back. They passed the main entrance of the Great Northern railway

station, the starting point for Belfast, where of course all traffic was

suspended at that late hour and passing the backdoor of the morgue

(a not very enticing locality, not to say gruesome to a degree, more

especially at night) ultimately gained the Dock Tavern and in due course

turned into Store street, famous for its C division police station.

Between this point and the high at present unlit warehouses of Beresford

place Stephen thought to think of Ibsen, associated with Baird's the

stonecutter's in his mind somehow in Talbot place, first turning on the

right, while the other who was acting as his fidus Achates inhaled

with internal satisfaction the smell of James Rourke's city bakery,

situated quite close to where they were, the very palatable odour indeed

of our daily bread, of all commodities of the public the primary and

most indispensable. Bread, the staff of life, earn your bread, O tell me

where is fancy bread, at Rourke's the baker's it is said.

En route to his taciturn and, not to put too fine a point on it, not

yet perfectly sober companion Mr Bloom who at all events was in complete

possession of his faculties, never more so, in fact disgustingly sober,

spoke a word of caution re the dangers of nighttown, women of ill fame

and swell mobsmen, which, barely permissible once in a while though not

as a habitual practice, was of the nature of a regular deathtrap for

young fellows of his age particularly if they had acquired drinking

habits under the influence of liquor unless you knew a little jiujitsu

for every contingency as even a fellow on the broad of his back could

administer a nasty kick if you didn't look out. Highly providential

was the appearance on the scene of Corny Kelleher when Stephen was

blissfully unconscious but for that man in the gap turning up at the

eleventh hour the finis might have been that he might have been a

candidate for the accident ward or, failing that, the bridewell and

an appearance in the court next day before Mr Tobias or, he being the

solicitor rather, old Wall, he meant to say, or Mahony which simply

spelt ruin for a chap when it got bruited about. The reason he mentioned

the fact was that a lot of those policemen, whom he cordially disliked,

were admittedly unscrupulous in the service of the Crown and, as Mr

Bloom put it, recalling a case or two in the A division in Clanbrassil

street, prepared to swear a hole through a ten gallon pot. Never on

the spot when wanted but in quiet parts of the city, Pembroke road for

example, the

guardians of the law were well in evidence, the obvious reason being

they were paid to protect the upper classes. Another thing he commented

on was equipping soldiers with firearms or sidearms of any description

liable to go off at any time which was tantamount to inciting them

against civilians should by any chance they fall out over anything. You

frittered away your time, he very sensibly maintained, and health and

also character besides which, the squandermania of the thing, fast women

of the demimonde ran away with a lot of l s. d. into the bargain and

the greatest danger of all was who you got drunk with though, touching

the much vexed question of stimulants, he relished a glass of choice old

wine in season as both

nourishing and bloodmaking and possessing aperient virtues (notably a

good burgundy which he was a staunch believer in) still never beyond

a certain point where he invariably drew the line as it simply led to

trouble all round to say nothing of your being at the tender mercy of

others practically. Most of all he commented adversely on the desertion

of Stephen by all his pubhunting confreres but one, a most glaring

piece of ratting on the part of his brother medicos under all the circs.

—And that one was Judas, Stephen said, who up to then had said nothing

whatsoever of any kind.

Discussing these and kindred topics they made a beeline across the back

of the Customhouse and passed under the Loop Line bridge where a brazier

of coke burning in front of a sentrybox or something like one attracted

their rather lagging footsteps. Stephen of his own accord stopped for

no special reason to look at the heap of barren cobblestones and by

the light emanating from the brazier he could just make out the darker

figure of the corporation watchman inside the gloom of the sentrybox. He

began to remember that this had happened or had been mentioned as having

happened before but it cost him no small effort before he remembered

that he recognised in the sentry a quondam friend of his father's,

Gumley. To avoid a meeting he drew nearer to the pillars of the railway


—Someone saluted you, Mr Bloom said.

A figure of middle height on the prowl evidently under the arches

saluted again, calling:


Stephen of course started rather dizzily and stopped to return the

compliment. Mr Bloom actuated by motives of inherent delicacy inasmuch

as he always believed in minding his own business moved off but

nevertheless remained on the qui vive with just a shade of anxiety

though not funkyish in the least. Though unusual in the Dublin area he

knew that it was not by any means unknown for desperadoes who had next

to nothing to live on to be abroad waylaying and generally terrorising

peaceable pedestrians by placing a pistol at their head in some

secluded spot outside the city proper, famished loiterers of the

Thames embankment category they might be hanging about there or simply

marauders ready to decamp with whatever boodle they could in one fell

swoop at a moment's notice, your money or your life, leaving you there

to point a moral, gagged and garrotted.

Stephen, that is when the accosting figure came to close quarters,

though he was not in an over sober state himself recognised Corley's

breath redolent of rotten cornjuice. Lord John Corley some called him

and his genealogy came about in this wise. He was the eldest son of

inspector Corley of the G division, lately deceased, who had married

a certain Katherine Brophy, the daughter of a Louth farmer. His

grandfather Patrick Michael Corley of New Ross had married the widow

of a publican there whose maiden name had been Katherine (also) Talbot.

Rumour had it (though not proved) that she descended from the house of

the lords Talbot de Malahide in whose mansion, really an unquestionably

fine residence of its kind and well worth seeing, her mother or aunt or

some relative, a woman, as the tale went, of extreme beauty, had enjoyed

the distinction of being in service in the washkitchen. This therefore

was the reason why the still comparatively young though dissolute

man who now addressed Stephen was spoken of by some with facetious

proclivities as Lord John Corley.

Taking Stephen on one side he had the customary doleful ditty to tell.

Not as much as a farthing to purchase a night's lodgings. His friends

had all deserted him. Furthermore he had a row with Lenehan and called

him to Stephen a mean bloody swab with a sprinkling of a number of other

uncalledfor expressions. He was out of a job and implored of Stephen to

tell him where on God's earth he could get something, anything at all,

to do. No, it was the daughter of the mother in the washkitchen that

was fostersister to the heir of the house or else they were connected

through the mother in some way, both occurrences happening at the same

time if the whole thing wasn't a complete fabrication from start to

finish. Anyhow he was all in.

—I wouldn't ask you only, pursued he, on my solemn oath and God knows

I'm on the rocks.

—There'll be a job tomorrow or next day, Stephen told him, in a boys'

school at Dalkey for a gentleman usher. Mr Garrett Deasy. Try it. You

may mention my name.

—Ah, God, Corley replied, sure I couldn't teach in a school, man. I was

never one of your bright ones, he added with a half laugh. I got stuck

twice in the junior at the christian brothers.

—I have no place to sleep myself, Stephen informed him.

Corley at the first go-off was inclined to suspect it was something to

do with Stephen being fired out of his digs for bringing in a bloody

tart off the street. There was a dosshouse in Marlborough street, Mrs

Maloney's, but it was only a tanner touch and full of undesirables but

M'Conachie told him you got a decent enough do in the Brazen Head over

in Winetavern street (which was distantly suggestive to the person

addressed of friar Bacon) for a bob. He was starving too though he

hadn't said a word about it.

Though this sort of thing went on every other night or very near it

still Stephen's feelings got the better of him in a sense though he knew

that Corley's brandnew rigmarole on a par with the others was hardly

deserving of much credence. However haud ignarus malorum miseris

succurrere disco etcetera as the Latin poet remarks especially as luck

would have it he got paid his screw after every middle of the month on

the sixteenth which was the date of the month as a matter of fact though

a good bit of the wherewithal was demolished. But the cream of the joke

was nothing would get it out of Corley's head that he was living in

affluence and hadn't a thing to do but hand out the needful. Whereas.

He put his hand in a pocket anyhow not with the idea of finding any food

there but thinking he might lend him anything up to a bob or so in lieu

so that he might endeavour at all events and get sufficient to eat but

the result was in the negative for, to his chagrin, he found his cash

missing. A few broken biscuits were all the result of his investigation.

He tried his hardest to recollect for the moment whether he had lost

as well he might have or left because in that contingency it was not a

pleasant lookout, very much the reverse in fact. He was altogether too

fagged out to institute a thorough search though he tried to recollect.

About biscuits he dimly remembered. Who now exactly gave them he

wondered or where was or did he buy. However in another pocket he came

across what he surmised in the dark were pennies, erroneously however,

as it turned out.

—Those are halfcrowns, man, Corley corrected him.

And so in point of fact they turned out to be. Stephen anyhow lent him

one of them.

—Thanks, Corley answered, you're a gentleman. I'll pay you back one

time. Who's that with you? I saw him a few times in the Bleeding Horse

in Camden street with Boylan, the billsticker. You might put in a good

word for us to get me taken on there. I'd carry a sandwichboard only

the girl in the office told me they're full up for the next three weeks,

man. God, you've to book ahead, man, you'd think it was for the Carl

Rosa. I don't give a shite anyway so long as I get a job, even as a

crossing sweeper.

Subsequently being not quite so down in the mouth after the two and six

he got he informed Stephen about a fellow by the name of Bags Comisky

that he said Stephen knew well out of Fullam's, the shipchandler's,

bookkeeper there that used to be often round in Nagle's back with O'Mara

and a little chap with a stutter the name of Tighe. Anyhow he was lagged

the night before last and fined ten bob for a drunk and disorderly and

refusing to go with the constable.


Mr Bloom in the meanwhile kept dodging about in the vicinity of the

cobblestones near the brazier of coke in front of the corporation

watchman's sentrybox who evidently a glutton for work, it struck him,

was having a quiet forty winks for all intents and purposes on his own

private account while Dublin slept. He threw an odd eye at the same time

now and then at Stephen's anything but immaculately attired interlocutor

as if he had seen that nobleman somewhere or other though where he was

not in a position to truthfully state nor had he the remotest idea when.

Being a levelheaded individual who could give points to not a few in

point of shrewd observation he also remarked on his very dilapidated

hat and slouchy wearing apparel generally testifying to a chronic

impecuniosity. Palpably he was one of his hangerson but for the

matter of that it was merely a question of one preying on his nextdoor

neighbour all round, in every deep, so to put it, a deeper depth and for

the matter of that if the man in the street chanced to be in the dock

himself penal servitude with or without the option of a fine would be

a very rara avis altogether. In any case he had a consummate amount of

cool assurance intercepting people at that hour of the night or morning.

Pretty thick that was certainly.

The pair parted company and Stephen rejoined Mr Bloom who, with his

practised eye, was not without perceiving that he had succumbed to the

blandiloquence of the other parasite. Alluding to the encounter he said,

laughingly, Stephen, that is:

—He is down on his luck. He asked me to ask you to ask somebody named

Boylan, a billsticker, to give him a job as a sandwichman.

At this intelligence, in which he seemingly evinced little interest, Mr

Bloom gazed abstractedly for the space of a half a second or so in the

direction of a bucketdredger, rejoicing in the farfamed name of Eblana,

moored alongside Customhouse quay and quite possibly out of repair,

whereupon he observed evasively:

—Everybody gets their own ration of luck, they say. Now you mention it

his face was familiar to me. But, leaving that for the moment, how much

did you part with, he queried, if I am not too inquisitive?

—Half a crown, Stephen responded. I daresay he needs it to sleep


—Needs! Mr Bloom ejaculated, professing not the least surprise at

the intelligence, I can quite credit the assertion and I guarantee he

invariably does. Everyone according to his needs or everyone according

to his deeds. But, talking about things in general, where, added he with

a smile, will you sleep yourself? Walking to Sandycove is out of

the question. And even supposing you did you won't get in after what

occurred at Westland Row station. Simply fag out there for nothing. I

don't mean to presume to dictate to you in the slightest degree but why

did you leave your father's house?

—To seek misfortune, was Stephen's answer.

—I met your respected father on a recent occasion, Mr Bloom

diplomatically returned, today in fact, or to be strictly accurate, on

yesterday. Where does he live at present? I gathered in the course of

conversation that he had moved.

—I believe he is in Dublin somewhere, Stephen answered unconcernedly.


—A gifted man, Mr Bloom said of Mr Dedalus senior, in more respects

than one and a born raconteur if ever there was one. He takes great

pride, quite legitimate, out of you. You could go back perhaps, he

hasarded, still thinking of the very unpleasant scene at Westland Row

terminus when it was perfectly evident that the other two, Mulligan,

that is, and that English tourist friend of his, who eventually euchred

their third companion, were patently trying as if the whole bally

station belonged to them to give Stephen the slip in the confusion,

which they did.

There was no response forthcoming to the suggestion however, such as it

was, Stephen's mind's eye being too busily engaged in repicturing his

family hearth the last time he saw it with his sister Dilly sitting by

the ingle, her hair hanging down, waiting for some weak Trinidad shell

cocoa that was in the sootcoated kettle to be done so that she and he

could drink it with the oatmealwater for milk after the Friday herrings

they had eaten at two a penny with an egg apiece for Maggy, Boody and

Katey, the cat meanwhile under the mangle devouring a mess of eggshells

and charred fish heads and bones on a square of brown paper, in

accordance with the third precept of the church to fast and abstain

on the days commanded, it being quarter tense or if not, ember days or

something like that.

—No, Mr Bloom repeated again, I wouldn't personally repose much trust

in that boon companion of yours who contributes the humorous element, Dr

Mulligan, as a guide, philosopher and friend if I were in your shoes. He

knows which side his bread is buttered on though in all probability he

never realised what it is to be without regular meals. Of course you

didn't notice as much as I did. But it wouldn't occasion me the least

surprise to learn that a pinch of tobacco or some narcotic was put in

your drink for some ulterior object.

He understood however from all he heard that Dr Mulligan was a versatile

allround man, by no means confined to medicine only, who was rapidly

coming to the fore in his line and, if the report was verified, bade

fair to enjoy a flourishing practice in the not too distant future as

a tony medical practitioner drawing a handsome fee for his services

in addition to which professional status his rescue of that man from

certain drowning by artificial respiration and what they call first

aid at Skerries, or Malahide was it?, was, he was bound to admit, an

exceedingly plucky deed which he could not too highly praise, so that

frankly he was utterly at a loss to fathom what earthly reason could be

at the back of it except he put it down to sheer cussedness or jealousy,

pure and simple.

—Except it simply amounts to one thing and he is what they call picking

your brains, he ventured to throw out.

The guarded glance of half solicitude half curiosity augmented by

friendliness which he gave at Stephen's at present morose expression

of features did not throw a flood of light, none at all in fact on the

problem as to whether he had let himself be badly bamboozled to judge by

two or three lowspirited remarks he let drop or the other way about saw

through the affair and for some reason or other best known to himself

allowed matters to more or less. Grinding poverty did have that effect

and he more than conjectured that, high educational abilities though he

possessed, he experienced no little difficulty in making both ends meet.

Adjacent to the men's public urinal they perceived an icecream car round

which a group of presumably Italians in heated altercation were getting

rid of voluble expressions in their vivacious language in a particularly

animated way, there being some little differences between the parties.

—Puttana madonna, che ci dia i quattrini! Ho ragione? Culo rotto!

—Intendiamoci. Mezzo sovrano piu...

—Dice lui, pero!


—Farabutto! Mortacci sui!

—Ma ascolta! Cinque la testa piu...

Mr Bloom and Stephen entered the cabman's shelter, an unpretentious

wooden structure, where, prior to then, he had rarely if ever been

before, the former having previously whispered to the latter a few

hints anent the keeper of it said to be the once famous Skin-the-Goat

Fitzharris, the invincible, though he could not vouch for the actual

facts which quite possibly there was not one vestige of truth in. A few

moments later saw our two noctambules safely seated in a discreet corner

only to be greeted by stares from the decidedly miscellaneous collection

of waifs and strays and other nondescript specimens of the genus homo

already there engaged in eating and drinking diversified by conversation

for whom they seemingly formed an object of marked curiosity.

—Now touching a cup of coffee, Mr Bloom ventured to plausibly suggest

to break the ice, it occurs to me you ought to sample something in the

shape of solid food, say, a roll of some description.

Accordingly his first act was with characteristic sangfroid to order

these commodities quietly. The hoi polloi of jarvies or stevedores

or whatever they were after a cursory examination turned their eyes

apparently dissatisfied, away though one redbearded bibulous individual

portion of whose hair was greyish, a sailor probably, still stared for

some appreciable time before transferring his rapt attention to the

floor. Mr Bloom, availing himself of the right of free speech, he having

just a bowing acquaintance with the language in dispute, though, to be

sure, rather in a quandary over voglio, remarked to his protégé in

an audible tone of voice a propos of the battle royal in the street

which was still raging fast and furious:

—A beautiful language. I mean for singing purposes. Why do you not

write your poetry in that language? Bella Poetria! It is so melodious

and full. Belladonna. Voglio.

Stephen, who was trying his dead best to yawn if he could, suffering

from lassitude generally, replied:

—To fill the ear of a cow elephant. They were haggling over money.

—Is that so? Mr Bloom asked. Of course, he subjoined pensively, at the

inward reflection of there being more languages to start with than were

absolutely necessary, it may be only the southern glamour that surrounds


The keeper of the shelter in the middle of this tête-â-tête put a

boiling swimming cup of a choice concoction labelled coffee on the table

and a rather antediluvian specimen of a bun, or so it seemed. After

which he beat a retreat to his counter, Mr Bloom determining to have

a good square look at him later on so as not to appear to. For which

reason he encouraged Stephen to proceed with his eyes while he did

the honours by surreptitiously pushing the cup of what was temporarily

supposed to be called coffee gradually nearer him.

—Sounds are impostures, Stephen said after a pause of some little time,

like names. Cicero, Podmore. Napoleon, Mr Goodbody. Jesus, Mr Doyle.

Shakespeares were as common as Murphies. What's in a name?

—Yes, to be sure, Mr Bloom unaffectedly concurred. Of course. Our name

was changed too, he added, pushing the socalled roll across.

The redbearded sailor who had his weather eye on the newcomers boarded

Stephen, whom he had singled out for attention in particular, squarely

by asking:

—And what might your name be?

Just in the nick of time Mr Bloom touched his companion's boot but

Stephen, apparently disregarding the warm pressure from an unexpected

quarter, answered:


The sailor stared at him heavily from a pair of drowsy baggy eyes,

rather bunged up from excessive use of boose, preferably good old

Hollands and water.

—You know Simon Dedalus? he asked at length.

—I've heard of him, Stephen said.

Mr Bloom was all at sea for a moment, seeing the others evidently

eavesdropping too.

—He's Irish, the seaman bold affirmed, staring still in much the same

way and nodding. All Irish.

—All too Irish, Stephen rejoined.

As for Mr Bloom he could neither make head or tail of the whole business

and he was just asking himself what possible connection when the sailor

of his own accord turned to the other occupants of the shelter with the


—I seen him shoot two eggs off two bottles at fifty yards over his

shoulder. The lefthand dead shot.

Though he was slightly hampered by an occasional stammer and his

gestures being also clumsy as it was still he did his best to explain.

—Bottles out there, say. Fifty yards measured. Eggs on the bottles.

Cocks his gun over his shoulder. Aims.

He turned his body half round, shut up his right eye completely. Then he

screwed his features up someway sideways and glared out into the night

with an unprepossessing cast of countenance.

—Pom! he then shouted once.

The entire audience waited, anticipating an additional detonation, there

being still a further egg.

—Pom! he shouted twice.

Egg two evidently demolished, he nodded and winked, adding


—Buffalo Bill shoots to kill, Never missed nor he never will.

A silence ensued till Mr Bloom for agreeableness' sake just felt like

asking him whether it was for a marksmanship competition like the


—Beg pardon, the sailor said.

—Long ago? Mr Bloom pursued without flinching a hairsbreadth.

—Why, the sailor replied, relaxing to a certain extent under the magic

influence of diamond cut diamond, it might be a matter of ten years. He

toured the wide world with Hengler's Royal Circus. I seen him do that in


—Curious coincidence, Mr Bloom confided to Stephen unobtrusively.

—Murphy's my name, the sailor continued. D. B. Murphy of Carrigaloe.

Know where that is?

—Queenstown harbour, Stephen replied.

—That's right, the sailor said. Fort Camden and Fort Carlisle. That's

where I hails from. I belongs there. That's where I hails from. My

little woman's down there. She's waiting for me, I know. For England,

home and beauty. She's my own true wife I haven't seen for seven years

now, sailing about.

Mr Bloom could easily picture his advent on this scene, the homecoming

to the mariner's roadside shieling after having diddled Davy Jones,

a rainy night with a blind moon. Across the world for a wife. Quite a

number of stories there were on that particular Alice Ben Bolt topic,

Enoch Arden and Rip van Winkle and does anybody hereabouts remember Caoc

O'Leary, a favourite and most trying declamation piece by the way of

poor John Casey and a bit of perfect poetry in its own small way.

Never about the runaway wife coming back, however much devoted to the

absentee. The face at the window! Judge of his astonishment when he

finally did breast the tape and the awful truth dawned upon him anent

his better half, wrecked in his affections. You little expected me but

I've come to stay and make a fresh start. There she sits, a grasswidow,

at the selfsame fireside. Believes me dead, rocked in the cradle of the

deep. And there sits uncle Chubb or Tomkin, as the case might be, the

publican of the Crown and Anchor, in shirtsleeves, eating rumpsteak and

onions. No chair for father. Broo! The wind! Her brandnew arrival is on

her knee, post mortem child. With a high ro! and a randy ro! and my

galloping tearing tandy, O! Bow to the inevitable. Grin and bear it. I

remain with much love your brokenhearted husband D B Murphy.

The sailor, who scarcely seemed to be a Dublin resident, turned to one

of the jarvies with the request:

—You don't happen to have such a thing as a spare chaw about you?

The jarvey addressed as it happened had not but the keeper took a die of

plug from his good jacket hanging on a nail and the desired object was

passed from hand to hand.

—Thank you, the sailor said.

He deposited the quid in his gob and, chewing and with some slow

stammers, proceeded:

—We come up this morning eleven o'clock. The threemaster Rosevean

from Bridgwater with bricks. I shipped to get over. Paid off this

afternoon. There's my discharge. See? D. B. Murphy. A. B. S.

In confirmation of which statement he extricated from an inside pocket

and handed to his neighbour a not very cleanlooking folded document.

—You must have seen a fair share of the world, the keeper remarked,

leaning on the counter.

—Why, the sailor answered upon reflection upon it, I've circumnavigated

a bit since I first joined on. I was in the Red Sea. I was in China and

North America and South America. We was chased by pirates one voyage.

I seen icebergs plenty, growlers. I was in Stockholm and the Black Sea,

the Dardanelles under Captain Dalton, the best bloody man that ever

scuttled a ship. I seen Russia. Gospodi pomilyou. That's how the

Russians prays.

—You seen queer sights, don't be talking, put in a jarvey.

—Why, the sailor said, shifting his partially chewed plug. I seen

queer things too, ups and downs. I seen a crocodile bite the fluke of an

anchor same as I chew that quid.

He took out of his mouth the pulpy quid and, lodging it between his

teeth, bit ferociously:

—Khaan! Like that. And I seen maneaters in Peru that eats corpses and

the livers of horses. Look here. Here they are. A friend of mine sent


He fumbled out a picture postcard from his inside pocket which seemed to

be in its way a species of repository and pushed it along the table. The

printed matter on it stated: Choza de Indios. Beni, Bolivia.

All focussed their attention at the scene exhibited, a group of savage

women in striped loincloths, squatted, blinking, suckling, frowning,

sleeping amid a swarm of infants (there must have been quite a score of

them) outside some primitive shanties of osier.

—Chews coca all day, the communicative tarpaulin added. Stomachs

like breadgraters. Cuts off their diddies when they can't bear no more


See them sitting there stark ballocknaked eating a dead horse's liver


His postcard proved a centre of attraction for Messrs the greenhorns for

several minutes if not more.

—Know how to keep them off? he inquired generally.

Nobody volunteering a statement he winked, saying:

—Glass. That boggles 'em. Glass.

Mr Bloom, without evincing surprise, unostentatiously turned over the

card to peruse the partially obliterated address and postmark. It ran

as follows: Tarjeta Postal, Señor A Boudin, Galeria Becche, Santiago,

Chile. There was no message evidently, as he took particular notice.

Though not an implicit believer in the lurid story narrated (or the

eggsniping transaction for that matter despite William Tell and the

Lazarillo-Don Cesar de Bazan incident depicted in Maritana on which

occasion the former's ball passed through the latter's hat) having

detected a discrepancy between his name (assuming he was the person

he represented himself to be and not sailing under false colours

after having boxed the compass on the strict q.t. somewhere) and

the fictitious addressee of the missive which made him nourish some

suspicions of our friend's bona fides nevertheless it reminded him in

a way of a longcherished plan he meant to one day realise some Wednesday

or Saturday of travelling to London via long sea not to say that he had

ever travelled extensively to any great extent but he was at heart a

born adventurer though by a trick of fate he had consistently remained

a landlubber except you call going to Holyhead which was his longest.

Martin Cunningham frequently said he would work a pass through Egan but

some deuced hitch or other eternally cropped up with the net result that

the scheme fell through. But even suppose it did come to planking

down the needful and breaking Boyd's heart it was not so dear, purse

permitting, a few guineas at the outside considering the fare to

Mullingar where he figured on going was five and six, there and back.

The trip would benefit health on account of the bracing ozone and be in

every way thoroughly pleasurable, especially for a chap whose liver was

out of order, seeing the different places along the route, Plymouth,

Falmouth, Southampton and so on culminating in an instructive tour of

the sights of the great metropolis, the spectacle of our modern Babylon

where doubtless he would see the greatest improvement, tower, abbey,

wealth of Park lane to renew acquaintance with. Another thing just

struck him as a by no means bad notion was he might have a gaze around

on the spot to see about trying to make arrangements about a concert

tour of summer music embracing the most prominent pleasure resorts,

Margate with mixed bathing and firstrate hydros and spas, Eastbourne,

Scarborough, Margate and so on, beautiful Bournemouth, the Channel

islands and similar bijou spots, which might prove highly remunerative.

Not, of course, with a hole and corner scratch company or local ladies

on the job, witness Mrs C P M'Coy type lend me your valise and I'll post

you the ticket. No, something top notch, an all star Irish caste, the

Tweedy-Flower grand opera company with his own legal consort as leading

lady as a sort of counterblast to the Elster Grimes and Moody-Manners,

perfectly simple matter and he was quite sanguine of success, providing

puffs in the local papers could be managed by some fellow with a bit of

bounce who could pull the indispensable wires and thus combine business

with pleasure. But who? That was the rub. Also, without being actually

positive, it struck him a great field was to be opened up in the line

of opening up new routes to keep pace with the times apropos of the

Fishguard-Rosslare route which, it was mooted, was once more on the

tapis in the circumlocution departments with the usual quantity of red

tape and dillydallying of effete fogeydom and dunderheads generally. A

great opportunity there certainly was for push and enterprise to meet

the travelling needs of the public at large, the average man, i.e.

Brown, Robinson and Co.

It was a subject of regret and absurd as well on the face of it and no

small blame to our vaunted society that the man in the street, when the

system really needed toning up, for the matter of a couple of paltry

pounds was debarred from seeing more of the world they lived in instead

of being always and ever cooped up since my old stick-in-the-mud took me

for a wife. After all, hang it, they had their eleven and more humdrum

months of it and merited a radical change of venue after the grind

of city life in the summertime for choice when dame Nature is at her

spectacular best constituting nothing short of a new lease of life.

There were equally excellent opportunities for vacationists in the home

island, delightful sylvan spots for rejuvenation, offering a plethora

of attractions as well as a bracing tonic for the system in and around

Dublin and its picturesque environs even, Poulaphouca to which there was

a steamtram, but also farther away from the madding crowd in Wicklow,

rightly termed the garden of Ireland, an ideal neighbourhood for elderly

wheelmen so long as it didn't come down, and in the wilds of Donegal

where if report spoke true the coup d'oeil was exceedingly grand

though the lastnamed locality was not easily getatable so that the

influx of visitors was not as yet all that it might be considering the

signal benefits to be derived from it while Howth with its historic

associations and otherwise, Silken Thomas, Grace O'Malley, George IV,

rhododendrons several hundred feet above sealevel was a favourite haunt

with all sorts and conditions of men especially in the spring when young

men's fancy, though it had its own toll of deaths by falling off the

cliffs by design or accidentally, usually, by the way, on their left

leg, it being only about three quarters of an hour's run from the

pillar. Because of course uptodate tourist travelling was as yet merely

in its infancy, so to speak, and the accommodation left much to be

desired. Interesting to fathom it seemed to him from a motive of

curiosity, pure and simple, was whether it was the traffic that created

the route or viceversa or the two sides in fact. He turned back the

other side of the card, picture, and passed it along to Stephen.

—I seen a Chinese one time, related the doughty narrator, that had

little pills like putty and he put them in the water and they opened and

every pill was something different. One was a ship, another was a house,

another was a flower. Cooks rats in your soup, he appetisingly added,

the chinks does.

Possibly perceiving an expression of dubiosity on their faces the

globetrotter went on, adhering to his adventures.

—And I seen a man killed in Trieste by an Italian chap. Knife in his

back. Knife like that.

Whilst speaking he produced a dangerouslooking claspknife quite in

keeping with his character and held it in the striking position.

—In a knockingshop it was count of a tryon between two smugglers.

Fellow hid behind a door, come up behind him. Like that. Prepare to

meet your God, says he. Chuk! It went into his back up to the butt.

His heavy glance drowsily roaming about kind of defied their further

questions even should they by any chance want to.

—That's a good bit of steel, repeated he, examining his formidable


After which harrowing denouement sufficient to appal the stoutest he

snapped the blade to and stowed the weapon in question away as before in

his chamber of horrors, otherwise pocket.

—They're great for the cold steel, somebody who was evidently quite in

the dark said for the benefit of them all. That was why they thought

the park murders of the invincibles was done by foreigners on account of

them using knives.

At this remark passed obviously in the spirit of where ignorance

is bliss Mr B. and Stephen, each in his own particular way, both

instinctively exchanged meaning glances, in a religious silence of the

strictly entre nous variety however, towards where Skin-the-Goat,

alias the keeper, not turning a hair, was drawing spurts of liquid

from his boiler affair. His inscrutable face which was really a work

of art, a perfect study in itself, beggaring description, conveyed

the impression that he didn't understand one jot of what was going on.

Funny, very!

There ensued a somewhat lengthy pause. One man was reading in fits and

starts a stained by coffee evening journal, another the card with the

natives choza de, another the seaman's discharge. Mr Bloom, so far

as he was personally concerned, was just pondering in pensive mood. He

vividly recollected when the occurrence alluded to took place as well

as yesterday, roughly some score of years previously in the days of the

land troubles, when it took the civilised world by storm, figuratively

speaking, early in the eighties, eightyone to be correct, when he was

just turned fifteen.

—Ay, boss, the sailor broke in. Give us back them papers.

The request being complied with he clawed them up with a scrape.

—Have you seen the rock of Gibraltar? Mr Bloom inquired.

The sailor grimaced, chewing, in a way that might be read as yes, ay or


—Ah, you've touched there too, Mr Bloom said, Europa point, thinking he

had, in the hope that the rover might possibly by some reminiscences but

he failed to do so, simply letting spirt a jet of spew into the sawdust,

and shook his head with a sort of lazy scorn.

—What year would that be about? Mr B interrogated. Can you recall the


Our soi-disant sailor munched heavily awhile hungrily before


—I'm tired of all them rocks in the sea, he said, and boats and ships.

Salt junk all the time.

Tired seemingly, he ceased. His questioner perceiving that he was not

likely to get a great deal of change out of such a wily old customer,

fell to woolgathering on the enormous dimensions of the water about the

globe, suffice it to say that, as a casual glance at the map revealed,

it covered fully three fourths of it and he fully realised accordingly

what it meant to rule the waves. On more than one occasion, a dozen

at the lowest, near the North Bull at Dollymount he had remarked a

superannuated old salt, evidently derelict, seated habitually near the

not particularly redolent sea on the wall, staring quite obliviously at

it and it at him, dreaming of fresh woods and pastures new as someone

somewhere sings. And it left him wondering why. Possibly he had tried to

find out the secret for himself, floundering up and down the antipodes

and all that sort of thing and over and under, well, not exactly under,

tempting the fates. And the odds were twenty to nil there was really no

secret about it at all. Nevertheless, without going into the minutiae

of the business, the eloquent fact remained that the sea was there in

all its glory and in the natural course of things somebody or other had

to sail on it and fly in the face of providence though it merely went

to show how people usually contrived to load that sort of onus on to the

other fellow like the hell idea and the lottery and insurance which were

run on identically the same lines so that for that very reason if no

other lifeboat Sunday was a highly laudable institution to which the

public at large, no matter where living inland or seaside, as the case

might be, having it brought home to them like that should extend its

gratitude also to the harbourmasters and coastguard service who had

to man the rigging and push off and out amid the elements whatever the

season when duty called Ireland expects that every man and so on and

sometimes had a terrible time of it in the wintertime not forgetting the

Irish lights, Kish and others, liable to capsize at any moment, rounding

which he once with his daughter had experienced some remarkably choppy,

not to say stormy, weather.

—There was a fellow sailed with me in the Rover, the old seadog,

himself a rover, proceeded, went ashore and took up a soft job as

gentleman's valet at six quid a month. Them are his trousers I've on

me and he gave me an oilskin and that jackknife. I'm game for that job,

shaving and brushup. I hate roaming about. There's my son now, Danny,

run off to sea and his mother got him took in a draper's in Cork where

he could be drawing easy money.

—What age is he? queried one hearer who, by the way, seen from the

side, bore a distant resemblance to Henry Campbell, the townclerk, away

from the carking cares of office, unwashed of course and in a seedy

getup and a strong suspicion of nosepaint about the nasal appendage.

—Why, the sailor answered with a slow puzzled utterance, my son, Danny?

He'd be about eighteen now, way I figure it.

The Skibbereen father hereupon tore open his grey or unclean anyhow

shirt with his two hands and scratched away at his chest on which was to

be seen an image tattooed in blue Chinese ink intended to represent an


—There was lice in that bunk in Bridgwater, he remarked, sure as nuts.

I must get a wash tomorrow or next day. It's them black lads I objects

to. I hate those buggers. Suck your blood dry, they does.

Seeing they were all looking at his chest he accommodatingly dragged

his shirt more open so that on top of the timehonoured symbol of the

mariner's hope and rest they had a full view of the figure 16 and a

young man's sideface looking frowningly rather.

—Tattoo, the exhibitor explained. That was done when we were Iying

becalmed off Odessa in the Black Sea under Captain Dalton. Fellow, the

name of Antonio, done that. There he is himself, a Greek.

—Did it hurt much doing it? one asked the sailor.

That worthy, however, was busily engaged in collecting round the.

Someway in his. Squeezing or.

—See here, he said, showing Antonio. There he is cursing the mate. And

there he is now, he added, the same fellow, pulling the skin with his

fingers, some special knack evidently, and he laughing at a yarn.

And in point of fact the young man named Antonio's livid face did

actually look like forced smiling and the curious effect excited the

unreserved admiration of everybody including Skin-the-Goat, who this

time stretched over.

—Ay, ay, sighed the sailor, looking down on his manly chest. He's gone

too. Ate by sharks after. Ay, ay.

He let go of the skin so that the profile resumed the normal expression

of before.

—Neat bit of work, one longshoreman said.

—And what's the number for? loafer number two queried.

—Eaten alive? a third asked the sailor.

—Ay, ay, sighed again the latter personage, more cheerily this

time with some sort of a half smile for a brief duration only in the

direction of the questioner about the number. Ate. A Greek he was.

And then he added with rather gallowsbird humour considering his alleged


—As bad as old Antonio, For he left me on my ownio.

The face of a streetwalker glazed and haggard under a black straw hat

peered askew round the door of the shelter palpably reconnoitring on

her own with the object of bringing more grist to her mill. Mr

Bloom, scarcely knowing which way to look, turned away on the moment

flusterfied but outwardly calm, and, picking up from the table the pink

sheet of the Abbey street organ which the jarvey, if such he was, had

laid aside, he picked it up and looked at the pink of the paper though

why pink. His reason for so doing was he recognised on the moment

round the door the same face he had caught a fleeting glimpse of that

afternoon on Ormond quay, the partially idiotic female, namely, of the

lane who knew the lady in the brown costume does be with you (Mrs B.)

and begged the chance of his washing. Also why washing which seemed

rather vague than not, your washing. Still candour compelled him to

admit he had washed his wife's undergarments when soiled in Holles

street and women would and did too a man's similar garments initialled

with Bewley and Draper's marking ink (hers were, that is) if they really

loved him, that is to say, love me, love my dirty shirt. Still just

then, being on tenterhooks, he desired the female's room more than her

company so it came as a genuine relief when the keeper made her a rude

sign to take herself off. Round the side of the Evening Telegraph he

just caught a fleeting glimpse of her face round the side of the door

with a kind of demented glassy grin showing that she was not exactly all

there, viewing with evident amusement the group of gazers round skipper

Murphy's nautical chest and then there was no more of her.

—The gunboat, the keeper said.

—It beats me, Mr Bloom confided to Stephen, medically I am speaking,

how a wretched creature like that from the Lock hospital reeking with

disease can be barefaced enough to solicit or how any man in his sober

senses, if he values his health in the least. Unfortunate creature! Of

course I suppose some man is ultimately responsible for her condition.

Still no matter what the cause is from...

Stephen had not noticed her and shrugged his shoulders, merely


—In this country people sell much more than she ever had and do a

roaring trade. Fear not them that sell the body but have not power to

buy the soul. She is a bad merchant. She buys dear and sells cheap.

The elder man, though not by any manner of means an old maid or a prude,

said it was nothing short of a crying scandal that ought to be put a

stop to instanter to say that women of that stamp (quite apart from

any oldmaidish squeamishness on the subject), a necessary evil, w ere

not licensed and medically inspected by the proper authorities, a thing,

he could truthfully state, he, as a paterfamilias, was a stalwart

advocate of from the very first start. Whoever embarked on a policy of

the sort, he said, and ventilated the matter thoroughly would confer a

lasting boon on everybody concerned.

—You as a good catholic, he observed, talking of body and soul, believe

in the soul. Or do you mean the intelligence, the brainpower as such,

as distinct from any outside object, the table, let us say, that cup. I

believe in that myself because it has been explained by competent men as

the convolutions of the grey matter. Otherwise we would never have such

inventions as X rays, for instance. Do you?

Thus cornered, Stephen had to make a superhuman effort of memory to try

and concentrate and remember before he could say:

—They tell me on the best authority it is a simple substance and

therefore incorruptible. It would be immortal, I understand, but for the

possibility of its annihilation by its First Cause Who, from all I

can hear, is quite capable of adding that to the number of His other

practical jokes, corruptio per se and corruptio per accidens both

being excluded by court etiquette.

Mr Bloom thoroughly acquiesced in the general gist of this though the

mystical finesse involved was a bit out of his sublunary depth still

he felt bound to enter a demurrer on the head of simple, promptly


—Simple? I shouldn't think that is the proper word. Of course, I grant

you, to concede a point, you do knock across a simple soul once in a

blue moon. But what I am anxious to arrive at is it is one thing for

instance to invent those rays Rontgen did or the telescope like Edison,

though I believe it was before his time Galileo was the man, I mean,

and the same applies to the laws, for example, of a farreaching natural

phenomenon such as electricity but it's a horse of quite another colour

to say you believe in the existence of a supernatural God.

—O that, Stephen expostulated, has been proved conclusively by several

of the bestknown passages in Holy Writ, apart from circumstantial


On this knotty point however the views of the pair, poles apart as they

were both in schooling and everything else with the marked difference in

their respective ages, clashed.

—Has been? the more experienced of the two objected, sticking to his

original point with a smile of unbelief. I'm not so sure about that.

That's a matter for everyman's opinion and, without dragging in the

sectarian side of the business, I beg to differ with you in toto

there. My belief is, to tell you the candid truth, that those bits were

genuine forgeries all of them put in by monks most probably or it's the

big question of our national poet over again, who precisely wrote them

like Hamlet and Bacon, as, you who know your Shakespeare infinitely

better than I, of course I needn't tell you. Can't you drink that

coffee, by the way? Let me stir it. And take a piece of that bun. It's

like one of our skipper's bricks disguised. Still no-one can give what

he hasn't got. Try a bit.

—Couldn't, Stephen contrived to get out, his mental organs for the

moment refusing to dictate further.

Faultfinding being a proverbially bad hat Mr Bloom thought well to stir

or try to the clotted sugar from the bottom and reflected with something

approaching acrimony on the Coffee Palace and its temperance (and

lucrative) work. To be sure it was a legitimate object and beyond yea or

nay did a world of good, shelters such as the present one they were in

run on teetotal lines for vagrants at night, concerts, dramatic evenings

and useful lectures (admittance free) by qualified men for the lower

orders. On the other hand he had a distinct and painful recollection

they paid his wife, Madam Marion Tweedy who had been prominently

associated with it at one time, a very modest remuneration indeed for

her pianoplaying. The idea, he was strongly inclined to believe, was

to do good and net a profit, there being no competition to speak

of. Sulphate of copper poison SO4 or something in some dried peas he

remembered reading of in a cheap eatinghouse somewhere but he couldn't

remember when it was or where. Anyhow inspection, medical inspection,

of all eatables seemed to him more than ever necessary which possibly

accounted for the vogue of Dr Tibble's Vi-Cocoa on account of the

medical analysis involved.

—Have a shot at it now, he ventured to say of the coffee after being


Thus prevailed on to at any rate taste it Stephen lifted the heavy mug

from the brown puddle it clopped out of when taken up by the handle and

took a sip of the offending beverage.

—Still it's solid food, his good genius urged, I'm a stickler for solid

food, his one and only reason being not gormandising in the least but

regular meals as the sine qua non for any kind of proper work, mental

or manual. You ought to eat more solid food. You would feel a different


—Liquids I can eat, Stephen said. But O, oblige me by taking away that

knife. I can't look at the point of it. It reminds me of Roman history.

Mr Bloom promptly did as suggested and removed the incriminated article,

a blunt hornhandled ordinary knife with nothing particularly Roman or

antique about it to the lay eye, observing that the point was the least

conspicuous point about it.

—Our mutual friend's stories are like himself, Mr Bloom apropos of

knives remarked to his confidante sotto voce. Do you think they are

genuine? He could spin those yarns for hours on end all night long and

lie like old boots. Look at him.

Yet still though his eyes were thick with sleep and sea air life was

full of a host of things and coincidences of a terrible nature and it

was quite within the bounds of possibility that it was not an

entire fabrication though at first blush there was not much inherent

probability in all the spoof he got off his chest being strictly

accurate gospel.

He had been meantime taking stock of the individual in front of him and

Sherlockholmesing him up ever since he clapped eyes on him. Though a

wellpreserved man of no little stamina, if a trifle prone to baldness,

there was something spurious in the cut of his jib that suggested a jail

delivery and it required no violent stretch of imagination to associate

such a weirdlooking specimen with the oakum and treadmill fraternity. He

might even have done for his man supposing it was his own case he told,

as people often did about others, namely, that he killed him himself

and had served his four or five goodlooking years in durance vile to say

nothing of the Antonio personage (no relation to the dramatic personage

of identical name who sprang from the pen of our national poet) who

expiated his crimes in the melodramatic manner above described. On the

other hand he might be only bluffing, a pardonable weakness because

meeting unmistakable mugs, Dublin residents, like those jarvies waiting

news from abroad would tempt any ancient mariner who sailed the ocean

seas to draw the long bow about the schooner Hesperus and etcetera.

And when all was said and done the lies a fellow told about himself

couldn't probably hold a proverbial candle to the wholesale whoppers

other fellows coined about him.

—Mind you, I'm not saying that it's all a pure invention, he resumed.

Analogous scenes are occasionally, if not often, met with. Giants,

though that is rather a far cry, you see once in a way, Marcella the

midget queen. In those waxworks in Henry street I myself saw some

Aztecs, as they are called, sitting bowlegged, they couldn't straighten

their legs if you paid them because the muscles here, you see, he

proceeded, indicating on his companion the brief outline of the sinews

or whatever you like to call them behind the right knee, were utterly

powerless from sitting that way so long cramped up, being adored as

gods. There's an example again of simple souls.

However reverting to friend Sinbad and his horrifying adventures (who

reminded him a bit of Ludwig, alias Ledwidge, when he occupied

the boards of the Gaiety when Michael Gunn was identified with the

management in the Flying Dutchman, a stupendous success, and his host

of admirers came in large numbers, everyone simply flocking to hear him

though ships of any sort, phantom or the reverse, on the stage usually

fell a bit flat as also did trains) there was nothing intrinsically

incompatible about it, he conceded. On the contrary that stab in the

back touch was quite in keeping with those italianos though candidly he

was none the less free to admit those icecreamers and friers in the fish

way not to mention the chip potato variety and so forth over in little

Italy there near the Coombe were sober thrifty hardworking fellows

except perhaps a bit too given to pothunting the harmless necessary

animal of the feline persuasion of others at night so as to have a good

old succulent tuckin with garlic de rigueur off him or her next day on

the quiet and, he added, on the cheap.

—Spaniards, for instance, he continued, passionate temperaments like

that, impetuous as Old Nick, are given to taking the law into their own

hands and give you your quietus doublequick with those poignards they

carry in the abdomen. It comes from the great heat, climate generally.

My wife is, so to speak, Spanish, half that is. Point of fact she could

actually claim Spanish nationality if she wanted, having been born in

(technically) Spain, i.e. Gibraltar. She has the Spanish type. Quite

dark, regular brunette, black. I for one certainly believe climate

accounts for character. That's why I asked you if you wrote your poetry

in Italian.

—The temperaments at the door, Stephen interposed with, were very

passionate about ten shillings. Roberto ruba roba sua.

—Quite so, Mr Bloom dittoed.

—Then, Stephen said staring and rambling on to himself or some unknown

listener somewhere, we have the impetuosity of Dante and the isosceles

triangle miss Portinari he fell in love with and Leonardo and san

Tommaso Mastino.

—It's in the blood, Mr Bloom acceded at once. All are washed in the

blood of the sun. Coincidence I just happened to be in the Kildare

street museum 890 today, shortly prior to our meeting if I can so call

it, and I was just looking at those antique statues there. The splendid

proportions of hips, bosom. You simply don't knock against those kind of

women here. An exception here and there. Handsome yes, pretty in a way

you find but what I'm talking about is the female form. Besides they

have so little taste in dress, most of them, which greatly enhances a

woman's natural beauty, no matter what you say. Rumpled stockings, it

may be, possibly is, a foible of mine but still it's a thing I simply

hate to see.

Interest, however, was starting to flag somewhat all round and then the

others got on to talking about accidents at sea, ships lost in a fog,

goo collisions with icebergs, all that sort of thing. Shipahoy of course

had his own say to say. He had doubled the cape a few odd times and

weathered a monsoon, a kind of wind, in the China seas and through all

those perils of the deep there was one thing, he declared, stood to him

or words to that effect, a pious medal he had that saved him.

So then after that they drifted on to the wreck off Daunt's rock, wreck

of that illfated Norwegian barque nobody could think of her name for

the moment till the jarvey who had really quite a look of Henry Campbell

remembered it Palme on Booterstown strand. That was the talk of the

town that year (Albert William Quill wrote a fine piece of original

verse of 910 distinctive merit on the topic for the Irish Times),

breakers running over her and crowds and crowds on the shore in

commotion petrified with horror. Then someone said something about the

case of the s. s. Lady Cairns of Swansea run into by the Mona which

was on an opposite tack in rather muggyish weather and lost with all

hands on deck. No aid was given. Her master, the Mona's, said he

was afraid his collision bulkhead would give way. She had no water, it

appears, in her hold.

At this stage an incident happened. It having become necessary for him

to unfurl a reef the sailor vacated his seat.

—Let me cross your bows mate, he said to his neighbour who was just

gently dropping off into a peaceful doze.

He made tracks heavily, slowly with a dumpy sort of a gait to the door,

stepped heavily down the one step there was out of the shelter and bore

due left. While he was in the act of getting his bearings Mr Bloom who

noticed when he stood up that he had two flasks of presumably ship's

rum sticking one out of each pocket for the private consumption of his

burning interior, saw him produce a bottle and uncork it or unscrew and,

applying its nozz1e to his lips, take a good old delectable swig out of

it with a gurgling noise. The irrepressible Bloom, who also had a

shrewd suspicion that the old stager went out on a manoeuvre after the

counterattraction in the shape of a female who however had disappeared

to all intents and purposes, could by straining just perceive him, when

duly refreshed by his rum puncheon exploit, gaping up at the piers and

girders of the Loop line rather out of his depth as of course it was all

radically altered since his last visit and greatly improved. Some person

or persons invisible directed him to the male urinal erected by the

cleansing committee all over the place for the purpose but after a brief

space of time during which silence reigned supreme the sailor, evidently

giving it a wide berth, eased himself closer at hand, the noise of his

bilgewater some little time subsequently splashing on the ground where

it apparently awoke a horse of the cabrank. A hoof scooped anyway for

new foothold after sleep and harness jingled. Slightly disturbed in his

sentrybox by the brazier of live coke the watcher of the corporation

stones who, though now broken down and fast breaking up, was none other

in stern reality than the Gumley aforesaid, now practically on the

parish rates, given the temporary job by Pat Tobin in all human

probability from dictates of humanity knowing him before shifted about

and shuffled in his box before composing his limbs again in to the arms

of Morpheus, a truly amazing piece of hard lines in its most virulent

form on a fellow most respectably connected and familiarised with decent

home comforts all his life who came in for a cool 100 pounds a year

at one time which of course the doublebarrelled ass proceeded to make

general ducks and drakes of. And there he was at the end of his tether

after having often painted the town tolerably pink without a beggarly

stiver. He drank needless to be told and it pointed only once more a

moral when he might quite easily be in a large way of business if—a

big if, however—he had contrived to cure himself of his particular


All meantime were loudly lamenting the falling off in Irish shipping,

coastwise and foreign as well, which was all part and parcel of the same

thing. A Palgrave Murphy boat was put off the ways at Alexandra basin,

the only launch that year. Right enough the harbours were there only no

ships ever called.

There were wrecks and wreckers, the keeper said, who was evidently au


What he wanted to ascertain was why that ship ran bang against the only

rock in Galway bay when the Galway harbour scheme was mooted by a Mr

Worthington or some name like that, eh? Ask the then captain, he advised

them, how much palmoil the British government gave him for that day's

work, Captain John Lever of the Lever Line.

—Am I right, skipper? he queried of the sailor, now returning after his

private potation and the rest of his exertions.

That worthy picking up the scent of the fagend of the song or words

growled in wouldbe music but with great vim some kind of chanty or other

in seconds or thirds. Mr Bloom's sharp ears heard him then expectorate

the plug probably (which it was), so that he must have lodged it for the

time being in his fist while he did the drinking and making water jobs

and found it a bit sour after the liquid fire in question. Anyhow in

he rolled after his successful libation-cum-potation, introducing an

atmosphere of drink into the soirée, boisterously trolling, like a

veritable son of a seacook:

—The biscuits was as hard as brass

And the beef as salt as Lot's wife's arse.

O, Johnny Lever!

Johnny Lever, O!

After which effusion the redoubtable specimen duly arrived on the scene

and regaining his seat he sank rather than sat heavily on the form

provided. Skin-the-Goat, assuming he was he, evidently with an axe to

grind, was airing his grievances in a forcible-feeble philippic anent

the natural resources of Ireland or something of that sort which he

described in his lengthy dissertation as the richest country bar none on

the face of God's earth, far and away superior to England, with coal in

large quantities, six million pounds worth of pork exported every year,

ten millions between butter and eggs and all the riches drained out of

it by England levying taxes on the poor people that paid through the

nose always and gobbling up the best meat in the market and a lot more

surplus steam in the same vein. Their conversation accordingly became

general and all agreed that that was a fact. You could grow any mortal

thing in Irish soil, he stated, and there was that colonel Everard down

there in Navan growing tobacco. Where would you find anywhere the like

of Irish bacon? But a day of reckoning, he stated crescendo with no

uncertain voice, thoroughly monopolising all the conversation, was in

store for mighty England, despite her power of pelf on account of her

crimes. There would be a fall and the greatest fall in history.

The Germans and the Japs were going to have their little lookin, he

affirmed. The Boers were the beginning of the end. Brummagem England was

toppling already and her downfall would be Ireland, her Achilles heel,

which he explained to them about the vulnerable point of Achilles, the

Greek hero, a point his auditors at once seized as he completely gripped

their attention by showing the tendon referred to on his boot. His

advice to every Irishman was: stay in the land of your birth and work

for Ireland and live for Ireland. Ireland, Parnell said, could not spare

a single one of her sons.

Silence all round marked the termination of his finale. The impervious

navigator heard these lurid tidings, undismayed.

—Take a bit of doing, boss, retaliated that rough diamond palpably a

bit peeved in response to the foregoing truism.

To which cold douche referring to downfall and so on the keeper

concurred but nevertheless held to his main view.

—Who's the best troops in the army? the grizzled old veteran irately

interrogated. And the best jumpers and racers? And the best admirals and

generals we've got? Tell me that.

—The Irish, for choice, retorted the cabby like Campbell, facial

blemishes apart.

—That's right, the old tarpaulin corroborated. The Irish catholic

peasant. He's the backbone of our empire. You know Jem Mullins?

While allowing him his individual opinions as everyman the keeper added

he cared nothing for any empire, ours or his, and considered no Irishman

worthy of his salt that served it. Then they began to have a few

irascible words when it waxed hotter, both, needless to say, appealing

to the listeners who followed the passage of arms with interest so long

as they didn't indulge in recriminations and come to blows.

From inside information extending over a series of years Mr Bloom was

rather inclined to poohpooh the suggestion as egregious balderdash for,

pending that consummation devoutly to be or not to be wished for, he was

fully cognisant of the fact that their neighbours across the channel,

unless they were much bigger fools than he took them for, rather

concealed their strength than the opposite. It was quite on a par with

the quixotic idea in certain quarters that in a hundred million years

the coal seam of the sister island would be played out and if, as

time went on, that turned out to be how the cat jumped all he could

personally say on the matter was that as a host of contingencies,

equally relevant to the issue, might occur ere then it was highly

advisable in the interim to try to make the most of both countries even

though poles apart. Another little interesting point, the amours of

whores and chummies, to put it in common parlance, reminded him Irish

soldiers had as often fought for England as against her, more so, in

fact. And now, why? So the scene between the pair of them, the licensee

of the place rumoured to be or have been Fitzharris, the famous

invincible, and the other, obviously bogus, reminded him forcibly as

being on all fours with the confidence trick, supposing, that is, it was

prearranged as the lookeron, a student of the human soul if anything,

the others seeing least of the game. And as for the lessee or keeper,

who probably wasn't the other person at all, he (B.) couldn't help

feeling and most properly it was better to give people like that the

goby unless you were a blithering idiot altogether and refuse to have

anything to do with them as a golden rule in private life and their

felonsetting, there always being the offchance of a Dannyman coming

forward and turning queen's evidence or king's now like Denis or Peter

Carey, an idea he utterly repudiated. Quite apart from that he disliked

those careers of wrongdoing and crime on principle. Yet, though such

criminal propensities had never been an inmate of his bosom in any

shape or form, he certainly did feel and no denying it (while inwardly

remaining what he was) a certain kind of admiration for a man who

had actually brandished a knife, cold steel, with the courage of his

political convictions (though, personally, he would never be a party to

any such thing), off the same bat as those love vendettas of the south,

have her or swing for her, when the husband frequently, after some words

passed between the two concerning her relations with the other lucky

mortal (he having had the pair watched), inflicted fatal injuries on

his adored one as a result of an alternative postnuptial liaison

by plunging his knife into her, until it just struck him that

Fitz, nicknamed Skin-the-Goat, merely drove the car for the actual

perpetrators of the outrage and so was not, if he was reliably informed,

actually party to the ambush which, in point of fact, was the plea some

legal luminary saved his skin on. In any case that was very ancient

history by now and as for our friend, the pseudo Skin-the-etcetera, he

had transparently outlived his welcome. He ought to have either died

naturally or on the scaffold high. Like actresses, always farewell

positively last performance then come up smiling again. Generous to a

fault of course, temperamental, no economising or any idea of the sort,

always snapping at the bone for the shadow. So similarly he had a very

shrewd suspicion that Mr Johnny Lever got rid of some l s d. in the

course of his perambulations round the docks in the congenial atmosphere

of the Old Ireland tavern, come back to Erin and so on. Then as for

the other he had heard not so long before the same identical lingo as he

told Stephen how he simply but effectually silenced the offender.

—He took umbrage at something or other, that muchinjured but on the

whole eventempered person declared, I let slip. He called me a jew and

in a heated fashion offensively. So I without deviating from plain facts

in the least told him his God, I mean Christ, was a jew too and all his

family like me though in reality I'm not. That was one for him. A soft

answer turns away wrath. He hadn't a word to say for himself as everyone

saw. Am I not right?

He turned a long you are wrong gaze on Stephen of timorous dark pride

at the soft impeachment with a glance also of entreaty for he seemed to

glean in a kind of a way that it wasn't all exactly.

—Ex quibus, Stephen mumbled in a noncommittal accent, their two or

four eyes conversing, Christus or Bloom his name is or after all any

other, secundum carnem.

—Of course, Mr B. proceeded to stipulate, you must look at both sides

of the question. It is hard to lay down any hard and fast rules as to

right and wrong but room for improvement all round there certainly is

though every country, they say, our own distressful included, has the

government it deserves. But with a little goodwill all round. It's all

very fine to boast of mutual superiority but what about mutual equality.

I resent violence and intolerance in any shape or form. It never

reaches anything or stops anything. A revolution must come on the due

instalments plan. It's a patent absurdity on the face of it to hate

people because they live round the corner and speak another vernacular,

in the next house so to speak.

—Memorable bloody bridge battle and seven minutes' war, Stephen

assented, between Skinner's alley and Ormond market.

Yes, Mr Bloom thoroughly agreed, entirely endorsing the remark, that

was overwhelmingly right. And the whole world was full of that sort of


—You just took the words out of my mouth, he said. A hocuspocus of

conflicting evidence that candidly you couldn't remotely...

All those wretched quarrels, in his humble opinion, stirring up

bad blood, from some bump of combativeness or gland of some kind,

erroneously supposed to be about a punctilio of honour and a flag, were

very largely a question of the money question which was at the back of

everything greed and jealousy, people never knowing when to stop.

—They accuse, remarked he audibly.

He turned away from the others who probably and spoke nearer to, so as

the others in case they.

—Jews, he softly imparted in an aside in Stephen's ear, are accused of

ruining. Not a vestige of truth in it, I can safely say. History, would

you be surprised to learn, proves up to the hilt Spain decayed when the

inquisition hounded the jews out and England prospered when Cromwell,

an uncommonly able ruffian who in other respects has much to answer for,

imported them. Why? Because they are imbued with the proper spirit. They

are practical and are proved to be so. I don't want to indulge in any

because you know the standard works on the subject and then orthodox as

you are. But in the economic, not touching religion, domain the priest

spells poverty. Spain again, you saw in the war, compared with goahead

America. Turks. It's in the dogma. Because if they didn't believe they'd

go straight to heaven when they die they'd try to live better, at least

so I think. That's the juggle on which the p.p's raise the wind on false

pretences. I'm, he resumed with dramatic force, as good an Irishman

as that rude person I told you about at the outset and I want to see

everyone, concluded he, all creeds and classes pro rata having a

comfortable tidysized income, in no niggard fashion either, something

in the neighbourhood of 300 pounds per annum. That's the vital issue

at stake and it's feasible and would be provocative of friendlier

intercourse between man and man. At least that's my idea for what it's

worth. I call that patriotism. Ubi patria, as we learned a smattering

of in our classical days in Alma Mater, vita bene. Where you can live

well, the sense is, if you work.

Over his untastable apology for a cup of coffee, listening to this

synopsis of things in general, Stephen stared at nothing in particular.

He could hear, of course, all kinds of words changing colour like those

crabs about Ringsend in the morning burrowing quickly into all colours

of different sorts of the same sand where they had a home somewhere

beneath or seemed to. Then he looked up and saw the eyes that said or

didn't say the words the voice he heard said, if you work.

—Count me out, he managed to remark, meaning work.

The eyes were surprised at this observation because as he, the person

who owned them pro tem. observed or rather his voice speaking did, all

must work, have to, together.

—I mean, of course, the other hastened to affirm, work in the widest

possible sense. Also literary labour not merely for the kudos of

the thing. Writing for the newspapers which is the readiest channel

nowadays. That's work too. Important work. After all, from the little

I know of you, after all the money expended on your education you are

entitled to recoup yourself and command your price. You have every bit

as much right to live by your pen in pursuit of your philosophy as the

peasant has. What? You both belong to Ireland, the brain and the brawn.

Each is equally important.

—You suspect, Stephen retorted with a sort of a half laugh, that I may

be important because I belong to the faubourg Saint Patrice called

Ireland for short.

—I would go a step farther, Mr Bloom insinuated.

—But I suspect, Stephen interrupted, that Ireland must be important

because it belongs to me.

—What belongs, queried Mr Bloom bending, fancying he was perhaps under

some misapprehension. Excuse me. Unfortunately, I didn't catch the

latter portion. What was it you...?

Stephen, patently crosstempered, repeated and shoved aside his mug of

coffee or whatever you like to call it none too politely, adding: 1170

—We can't change the country. Let us change the subject.

At this pertinent suggestion Mr Bloom, to change the subject, looked

down but in a quandary, as he couldn't tell exactly what construction

to put on belongs to which sounded rather a far cry. The rebuke of some

kind was clearer than the other part. Needless to say the fumes of

his recent orgy spoke then with some asperity in a curious bitter way

foreign to his sober state. Probably the homelife to which Mr B attached

the utmost importance had not been all that was needful or he hadn't

been familiarised with the right sort of people. With a touch of fear

for the young man beside him whom he furtively scrutinised with an air

of some consternation remembering he had just come back from Paris,

the eyes more especially reminding him forcibly of father and sister,

failing to throw much light on the subject, however, he brought to mind

instances of cultured fellows that promised so brilliantly nipped in the

bud of premature decay and nobody to blame but themselves. For instance

there was the case of O'Callaghan, for one, the halfcrazy faddist,

respectably connected though of inadequate means, with his mad vagaries

among whose other gay doings when rotto and making himself a nuisance

to everybody all round he was in the habit of ostentatiously sporting in

public a suit of brown paper (a fact). And then the usual denouement

after the fun had gone on fast and furious he got 1190 landed into hot

water and had to be spirited away by a few friends, after a strong hint

to a blind horse from John Mallon of Lower Castle Yard, so as not to

be made amenable under section two of the criminal law amendment act,

certain names of those subpoenaed being handed in but not divulged

for reasons which will occur to anyone with a pick of brains. Briefly,

putting two and two together, six sixteen which he pointedly turned a

deaf ear to, Antonio and so forth, jockeys and esthetes and the tattoo

which was all the go in the seventies or thereabouts even in the house

of lords because early in life the occupant of the throne, then heir

apparent, the other members of the upper ten and other high personages

simply following in the footsteps of the head of the state, he reflected

about the errors of notorieties and crowned heads running counter to

morality such as the Cornwall case a number of years before under their

veneer in a way scarcely intended by nature, a thing good Mrs Grundy,

as the law stands, was terribly down on though not for the reason they

thought they were probably whatever it was except women chiefly who were

always fiddling more or less at one another it being largely a matter of

dress and all the rest of it. Ladies who like distinctive underclothing

should, and every welltailored man must, trying to make the gap wider

between them by innuendo and give more of a genuine filip to acts of

impropriety between the two, she unbuttoned his and then he untied her,

mind the pin, whereas savages in the cannibal islands, say, at ninety

degrees in the shade not caring a continental. However, reverting to the

original, there were on the other hand others who had forced their way

to the top from the lowest rung by the aid of their bootstraps. Sheer

force of natural genius, that. With brains, sir.

For which and further reasons he felt it was his interest and duty even

to wait on and profit by the unlookedfor occasion though why he could

not exactly tell being as it was already several shillings to the

bad having in fact let himself in for it. Still to cultivate the

acquaintance of someone of no uncommon calibre who could provide food

for reflection would amply repay any small. Intellectual stimulation,

as such, was, he felt, from time to time a firstrate tonic for the mind.

Added to which was the coincidence of meeting, discussion, dance, row,

old salt of the here today and gone tomorrow type, night loafers, the

whole galaxy of events, all went to make up a miniature cameo of the

world we live in especially as the lives of the submerged tenth, viz.

coalminers, divers, scavengers etc., were very much under the microscope

lately. To improve the shining hour he wondered whether he might meet

with anything approaching the same luck as Mr Philip Beaufoy if taken

down in writing suppose he were to pen something out of the common

groove (as he fully intended doing) at the rate of one guinea per

column. My Experiences, let us say, in a Cabman's Shelter.

The pink edition extra sporting of the Telegraph tell a graphic lie

lay, as luck would have it, beside his elbow and as he was just puzzling

again, far from satisfied, over a country belonging to him and the

preceding rebus the vessel came from Bridgwater and the postcard was

addressed A. Boudin find the captain's age, his eyes went aimlessly

over the respective captions which came under his special province the

allembracing give us this day our daily press. First he got a bit of a

start but it turned out to be only something about somebody named H.

du Boyes, agent for typewriters or something like that. Great battle,

Tokio. Lovemaking in Irish, 200 pounds damages. Gordon Bennett.

Emigration Swindle. Letter from His Grace. William. Ascot meeting,

the Gold Cup. Victory of outsider Throwaway recalls Derby of '92 when

Capt. Marshall's dark horse Sir Hugo captured the blue ribband at long

odds. New York disaster. Thousand lives lost. Foot and Mouth. Funeral of

the late Mr Patrick Dignam.

So to change the subject he read about Dignam R. I. P. which, he

reflected, was anything but a gay sendoff. Or a change of address


—This morning (Hynes put it in of course) the remains of the late Mr

Patrick Dignam were removed from his residence, no 9 Newbridge Avenue,

Sandymount, for interment in Glasnevin. The deceased gentleman was a

most popular and genial personality in city life and his demise after a

brief illness came as a great shock to citizens of all classes by whom

he is deeply regretted. The obsequies, at which many friends of the

deceased were present, were carried out (certainly Hynes wrote it with

a nudge from Corny) by Messrs H. J. O'Neill and Son, 164 North Strand

Road. The mourners included: Patk. Dignam (son), Bernard Corrigan

(brother-in-law), Jno. Henry Menton, solr, Martin Cunningham, John

Power, eatondph 1/8 ador dorador douradora (must be where he called

Monks the dayfather about Keyes's ad) Thomas Kernan, Simon Dedalus,

Stephen Dedalus B.,4., Edw. J. Lambert, Cornelius T. Kelleher, Joseph

M'C Hynes, L. Boom, CP M'Coy,—M'lntosh and several others.

Nettled not a little by L. Boom (as it incorrectly stated) and the

line of bitched type but tickled to death simultaneously by C. P. M'Coy

and Stephen Dedalus B. A. who were conspicuous, needless to say, by

their total absence (to say nothing of M'Intosh) L. Boom pointed it

out to his companion B. A. engaged in stifling another yawn, half

nervousness, not forgetting the usual crop of nonsensical howlers of


—Is that first epistle to the Hebrews, he asked as soon as his bottom

jaw would let him, in? Text: open thy mouth and put thy foot in it.

—It is. Really, Mr Bloom said (though first he fancied he alluded to

the archbishop till he added about foot and mouth with which there could

be no possible connection) overjoyed to set his mind at rest and a bit

flabbergasted at Myles Crawford's after all managing to. There.

While the other was reading it on page two Boom (to give him for the

nonce his new misnomer) whiled away a few odd leisure moments in fits

and starts with the account of the third event at Ascot on page three,

his side. Value 1000 sovs with 3000 sovs in specie added. For entire

colts and fillies. Mr F. Alexander's Throwaway, b. h. by Rightaway,

5 yrs, 9 st 4 lbs (W. Lane) 1, lord Howard de Walden's Zinfandel (M.

Cannon) z, Mr W. Bass's Sceptre 3. Betting 5 to 4 on Zinfandel,

20 to 1 Throwaway (off). Sceptre a shade heavier, 5 to 4 on

Zinfandel, 20 to 1 Throwaway (off). Throwaway and Zinfandel

stood close order. It was anybody's race then the rank outsider drew to

the fore, got long lead, beating lord Howard de Walden's chestnut

colt and Mr W. Bass's bay filly Sceptre on a 2 1/2 mile course. Winner

trained by Braime so that Lenehan's version of the business was all pure

buncombe. Secured the verdict cleverly by a length. 1000 sovs with

3000 in specie. Also ran: J de Bremond's (French horse Bantam Lyons was

anxiously inquiring after not in yet but expected any minute) Maximum

II. Different ways of bringing off a coup. Lovemaking damages. Though

that halfbaked Lyons ran off at a tangent in his impetuosity to get

left. Of course gambling eminently lent itself to that sort of thing

though as the event turned out the poor fool hadn't much reason to

congratulate himself on his pick, the forlorn hope. Guesswork it reduced

itself to eventually.

—There was every indication they would arrive at that, he, Bloom, said.

—Who? the other, whose hand by the way was hurt, said.

One morning you would open the paper, the cabman affirmed, and read:

Return of Parnell. He bet them what they liked. A Dublin fusilier was

in that shelter one night and said he saw him in South Africa. Pride it

was killed him. He ought to have done away with himself or lain low for

a time after committee room no 15 until he was his old self again with

no-one to point a finger at him. Then they would all to a man have gone

down on their marrowbones to him to come back when he had recovered

his senses. Dead he wasn't. Simply absconded somewhere. The coffin they

brought over was full of stones. He changed his name to De Wet, the Boer

general. He made a mistake to fight the priests. And so forth and so on.

All the same Bloom (properly so dubbed) was rather surprised at their

memories for in nine cases out of ten it was a case of tarbarrels and

not singly but in their thousands and then complete oblivion because it

was twenty odd years. Highly unlikely of course there was even a shadow

of truth in the stones and, even supposing, he thought a return highly

inadvisable, all things considered. Something evidently riled them in

his death. Either he petered out too tamely of acute pneumonia just when

his various different political arrangements were nearing completion

or whether it transpired he owed his death to his having neglected to

change his boots and clothes-after a wetting when a cold resulted and

failing to consult a specialist he being confined to his room till he

eventually died of it amid widespread regret before a fortnight was at

an end or quite possibly they were distressed to find the job was taken

out of their hands. Of course nobody being acquainted with his movements

even before there was absolutely no clue as to his whereabouts which

were decidedly of the Alice, where art thou order even prior to his

starting to go under several aliases such as Fox and Stewart so the

remark which emanated from friend cabby might be within the bounds of

possibility. Naturally then it would prey on his mind as a born leader

of men which undoubtedly he was and a commanding figure, a sixfooter

or at any rate five feet ten or eleven in his stockinged feet, whereas

Messrs So and So who, though they weren't even a patch on the former

man, ruled the roost after their redeeming features were very few and

far between. It certainly pointed a moral, the idol with feet of clay,

and then seventytwo of his trusty henchmen rounding on him with mutual

mudslinging. And the identical same with murderers. You had to come

back. That haunting sense kind of drew you. To show the understudy in

the title rôle how to. He saw him once on the auspicious occasion

when they broke up the type in the Insuppressible or was it United

Ireland, a privilege he keenly appreciated, and, in point of fact,

handed him his silk hat when it was knocked off and he said Thank you,

excited as he undoubtedly was under his frigid exterior notwithstanding

the little misadventure mentioned between the cup and the lip: what's

bred in the bone. Still as regards return. You were a lucky dog if

they didn't set the terrier at you directly you got back. Then a lot of

shillyshally usually followed, Tom for and Dick and Harry against. And

then, number one, you came up against the man in possession and had to

produce your credentials like the claimant in the Tichborne case,

Roger Charles Tichborne, Bella was the boat's name to the best of his

recollection he, the heir, went down in as the evidence went to show

and there was a tattoo mark too in Indian ink, lord Bellew was it, as he

might very easily have picked up the details from some pal on board ship

and then, when got up to tally with the description given, introduce

himself with: Excuse me, my name is So and So or some such commonplace

remark. A more prudent course, as Bloom said to the not over effusive,

in fact like the distinguished personage under discussion beside him,

would have been to sound the lie of the land first.

—That bitch, that English whore, did for him, the shebeen proprietor

commented. She put the first nail in his coffin.

—Fine lump of a woman all the same, the soi-disant townclerk Henry

Campbell remarked, and plenty of her. She loosened many a man's thighs.

I seen her picture in a barber's. The husband was a captain or an


—Ay, Skin-the-Goat amusingly added, he was and a cottonball one.

This gratuitous contribution of a humorous character occasioned a fair

amount of laughter among his entourage. As regards Bloom he, without

the faintest suspicion of a smile, merely gazed in the direction of

the door and reflected upon the historic story which had aroused

extraordinary interest at the time when the facts, to make matters

worse, were made public with the usual affectionate letters that passed

between them full of sweet nothings. First it was strictly Platonic till

nature intervened and an attachment sprang up between them till bit by

bit matters came to a climax and the matter became the talk of the town

till the staggering blow came as a welcome intelligence to not a few

evildisposed, however, who were resolved upon encompassing his downfall

though the thing was public property all along though not to anything

like the sensational extent that it subsequently blossomed into. Since

their names were coupled, though, since he was her declared favourite,

where was the particular necessity to proclaim it to the rank and file

from the housetops, the fact, namely, that he had shared her bedroom

which came out in the witnessbox on oath when a thrill went through the

packed court literally electrifying everybody in the shape of witnesses

swearing to having witnessed him on such and such a particular date in

the act of scrambling out of an upstairs apartment with the assistance

of a ladder in night apparel, having gained admittance in the same

fashion, a fact the weeklies, addicted to the lubric a little, simply

coined shoals of money out of. Whereas the simple fact of the case was

it was simply a case of the husband not being up to the scratch, with

nothing in common between them beyond the name, and then a real man

arriving on the scene, strong to the verge of weakness, falling a victim

to her siren charms and forgetting home ties, the usual sequel, to bask

in the loved one's smiles. The eternal question of the life connubial,

needless to say, cropped up. Can real love, supposing there happens to

be another chap in the case, exist between married folk? Poser.

Though it was no concern of theirs absolutely if he regarded her with

affection, carried away by a wave of folly. A magnificent specimen of

manhood he was truly augmented obviously by gifts of a high order, as

compared with the other military supernumerary that is (who was just the

usual everyday farewell, my gallant captain kind of an individual in

the light dragoons, the 18th hussars to be accurate) and inflammable

doubtless (the fallen leader, that is, not the other) in his own

peculiar way which she of course, woman, quickly perceived as highly

likely to carve his way to fame which he almost bid fair to do till the

priests and ministers of the gospel as a whole, his erstwhile staunch

adherents, and his beloved evicted tenants for whom he had done yeoman

service in the rural parts of the country by taking up the cudgels on

their behalf in a way that exceeded their most sanguine expectations,

very effectually cooked his matrimonial goose, thereby heaping coals of

fire on his head much in the same way as the fabled ass's kick. Looking

back now in a retrospective kind of arrangement all seemed a kind of

dream. And then coming back was the worst thing you ever did because it

went without saying you would feel out of place as things always moved

with the times. Why, as he reflected, Irishtown strand, a locality he

had not been in for quite a number of years looked different somehow

since, as it happened, he went to reside on the north side. North or

south, however, it was just the wellknown case of hot passion, pure and

simple, upsetting the applecart with a vengeance and just bore out the

very thing he was saying as she also was Spanish or half so, types that

wouldn't do things by halves, passionate abandon of the south, casting

every shred of decency to the winds.

—Just bears out what I was saying, he, with glowing bosom said to

Stephen, about blood and the sun. And, if I don't greatly mistake she

was Spanish too.

—The king of Spain's daughter, Stephen answered, adding something or

other rather muddled about farewell and adieu to you Spanish onions and

the first land called the Deadman and from Ramhead to Scilly was so and

so many.

—Was she? Bloom ejaculated, surprised though not astonished by any

means, I never heard that rumour before. Possible, especially there, it

was as she lived there. So, Spain.

Carefully avoiding a book in his pocket Sweets of, which reminded him

by the by of that Cap l street library book out of date, he took out his

pocketbook and, turning over the various contents it contained rapidly

finally he.

—Do you consider, by the by, he said, thoughtfully selecting a faded

photo which he laid on the table, that a Spanish type?

Stephen, obviously addressed, looked down on the photo showing a large

sized lady with her fleshy charms on evidence in an open fashion as she

was in the full bloom of womanhood in evening dress cut ostentatiously

low for the occasion to give a liberal display of bosom, with more than

vision of breasts, her full lips parted and some perfect teeth, standing

near, ostensibly with gravity, a piano on the rest of which was In Old

Madrid, a ballad, pretty in its way, which was then all the vogue. Her

(the lady's) eyes, dark, large, looked at Stephen, about to smile about

something to be admired, Lafayette of Westmoreland street, Dublin's

premier photographic artist, being responsible for the esthetic


—Mrs Bloom, my wife the prima donna Madam Marion Tweedy, Bloom

indicated. Taken a few years since. In or about ninety six. Very like

her then.

Beside the young man he looked also at the photo of the lady now his

1440 legal wife who, he intimated, was the accomplished daughter of

Major Brian Tweedy and displayed at an early age remarkable proficiency

as a singer having even made her bow to the public when her years

numbered barely sweet sixteen. As for the face it was a speaking

likeness in expression but it did not do justice to her figure which

came in for a lot of notice usually and which did not come out to the

best advantage in that getup. She could without difficulty, he said,

have posed for the ensemble, not to dwell on certain opulent curves of

the. He dwelt, being a bit of an artist in his spare time, on the female

form in general developmentally because, as it so happened, no later

than that afternoon he had seen those Grecian statues, 1450 perfectly

developed as works of art, in the National Museum. Marble could give

the original, shoulders, back, all the symmetry, all the rest. Yes,

puritanisme, it does though Saint Joseph's sovereign thievery alors

(Bandez!) Figne toi trop. Whereas no photo could because it simply

wasn't art in a word.

The spirit moving him he would much have liked to follow Jack Tar's good

example and leave the likeness there for a very few minutes to speak for

itself on the plea he so that the other could drink in the beauty for

himself, her stage presence being, frankly, a treat in itself which the

camera could not at all do justice to. But it was scarcely professional

etiquette so. Though it was a warm pleasant sort of a night now yet

wonderfully cool for the season considering, for sunshine after storm.

And he did feel a kind of need there and then to follow suit like a

kind of inward voice and satisfy a possible need by moving a motion.

Nevertheless he sat tight just viewing the slightly soiled photo creased

by opulent curves, none the worse for wear however, and looked away

thoughtfully with the intention of not further increasing the

other's possible embarrassment while gauging her symmetry of heaving

embonpoint. In fact the slight soiling was only an added charm like

the case of linen slightly soiled, good as new, much better in fact

with the starch out. Suppose she was gone when he? I looked for the lamp

which she told me came into his mind but merely as a passing fancy of

his because he then recollected the morning littered bed etcetera and

the book about Ruby with met him pike hoses (sic) in it which must

have fell down sufficiently appropriately beside the domestic chamberpot

with apologies to Lindley Murray.

The vicinity of the young man he certainly relished, educated,

distingué and impulsive into the bargain, far and away the pick of the

bunch though you wouldn't think he had it in him yet you would. Besides

he said the picture was handsome which, say what you like, it was though

at the moment she was distinctly stouter. And why not? An awful lot of

makebelieve went on about that sort of thing involving a lifelong slur

with the usual splash page of gutterpress about the same old matrimonial

tangle alleging misconduct with professional golfer or the newest

stage favourite instead of being honest and aboveboard about the whole

business. How they were fated to meet and an attachment sprang up

between the two so that their names were coupled in the public eye

was told in court with letters containing the habitual mushy and

compromising expressions leaving no loophole to show that they openly

cohabited two or three times a week at some wellknown seaside hotel and

relations, when the thing ran its normal course, became in due course

intimate. Then the decree nisi and the King's proctor tries to show

cause why and, he failing to quash it, nisi was made absolute. But as

for that the two misdemeanants, wrapped up as they largely were in one

another, could safely afford to ignore it as they very largely did till

the matter was put in the hands of a solicitor who filed a petition for

the party wronged in due course. He, B, enjoyed the distinction of being

close to Erin's uncrowned king in the flesh when the thing occurred on

the historic fracas when the fallen leader's, who notoriously stuck to

his guns to the last drop even when clothed in the mantle of adultery,

(leader's) trusty henchmen to the number of ten or a dozen or

possibly even more than that penetrated into the printing works of the

Insuppressible or no it was United Ireland (a by no means by the

by appropriate appellative) and broke up the typecases with hammers or

something like that all on account of some scurrilous effusions from

the facile pens of the O'Brienite scribes at the usual mudslinging

occupation reflecting on the erstwhile tribune's private morals. Though

palpably a radically altered man he was still a commanding figure though

carelessly garbed as usual with that look of settled purpose which went

a long way with the shillyshallyers till they discovered to their vast

discomfiture that their idol had feet of clay after placing him upon a

pedestal which she, however, was the first to perceive. As those were

particularly hot times in the general hullaballoo Bloom sustained a

minor injury from a nasty prod of some chap's elbow in the crowd that

of course congregated lodging some place about the pit of the stomach,

fortunately not of a grave character. His hat (Parnell's) a silk one was

inadvertently knocked off and, as a matter of strict history, Bloom was

the man who picked it up in the crush after witnessing the occurrence

meaning to return it to him (and return it to him he did with the utmost

celerity) who panting and hatless and whose thoughts were miles away

from his hat at the time all the same being a gentleman born with a

stake in the country he, as a matter of fact, having gone into it more

for the kudos of the thing than anything else, what's bred in the bone

instilled into him in infancy at his mother's knee in the shape of

knowing what good form was came out at once because he turned round to

the donor and thanked him with perfect aplomb, saying: Thank you,

sir, though in a very different tone of voice from the ornament of the

legal profession whose headgear Bloom also set to rights earlier in the

course of the day, history repeating itself with a difference, after

the burial of a mutual friend when they had left him alone in his glory

after the grim task of having committed his remains to the grave.

On the other hand what incensed him more inwardly was the blatant jokes

of the cabman and so on who passed it all off as a jest, laughing 1530

immoderately, pretending to understand everything, the why and the

wherefore, and in reality not knowing their own minds, it being a case

for the two parties themselves unless it ensued that the legitimate

husband happened to be a party to it owing to some anonymous letter from

the usual boy Jones, who happened to come across them at the crucial

moment in a loving position locked in one another's arms, drawing

attention to their illicit proceedings and leading up to a domestic

rumpus and the erring fair one begging forgiveness of her lord and

master upon her knees and promising to sever the connection and not

receive his visits any more if only the aggrieved husband would overlook

the matter and let bygones be bygones with tears in her eyes though

possibly with her tongue in her fair cheek at the same time as quite

possibly there were several others. He personally, being of a sceptical

bias, believed and didn't make the smallest bones about saying so either

that man or men in the plural were always hanging around on the waiting

list about a lady, even supposing she was the best wife in the world

and they got on fairly well together for the sake of argument, when,

neglecting her duties, she chose to be tired of wedded life and was on

for a little flutter in polite debauchery to press their attentions on

her with improper intent, the upshot being that her affections centred

on another, the cause of many liaisons between still attractive

married women getting on for fair and forty and younger men, no doubt as

several famous cases of feminine infatuation proved up to the hilt.

It was a thousand pities a young fellow, blessed with an allowance of

brains as his neighbour obviously was, should waste his valuable time

with profligate women who might present him with a nice dose to last him

his lifetime. In the nature of single blessedness he would one day take

unto himself a wife when Miss Right came on the scene but in the interim

ladies' society was a conditio sine qua non though he had the gravest

possible doubts, not that he wanted in the smallest to pump Stephen

about Miss Ferguson (who was very possibly the particular lodestar who

brought him down to Irishtown so early in the morning), as to whether he

would find much satisfaction basking in the boy and girl courtship idea

and the company of smirking misses without a penny to their names bi or

triweekly with the orthodox preliminary canter of complimentplaying and

walking out leading up to fond lovers' ways and flowers and chocs. To

think of him house and homeless, rooked by some landlady worse than any

stepmother, was really too bad at his age. The queer suddenly things

he popped out with attracted the elder man who was several years the

other's senior or like his father but something substantial he certainly

ought to eat even were it only an eggflip made on unadulterated maternal

nutriment or, failing that, the homely Humpty Dumpty boiled.

—At what o'clock did you dine? he questioned of the slim form and tired

though unwrinkled face.

—Some time yesterday, Stephen said.

—Yesterday! exclaimed Bloom till he remembered it was already tomorrow

Friday. Ah, you mean it's after twelve!

—The day before yesterday, Stephen said, improving on himself.

Literally astounded at this piece of intelligence Bloom reflected.

Though they didn't see eye to eye in everything a certain analogy there

somehow was as if both their minds were travelling, so to speak, in the

one train of thought. At his age when dabbling in politics roughly

some score of years previously when he had been a quasi aspirant to

parliamentary honours in the Buckshot Foster days he too recollected in

retrospect (which was a source of keen satisfaction in itself) he had

a sneaking regard for those same ultra ideas. For instance when the

evicted tenants question, then at its first inception, bulked largely in

people's mind though, it goes without saying, not contributing a copper

or pinning his faith absolutely to its dictums, some of which wouldn't

exactly hold water, he at the outset in principle at all events was in

thorough sympathy with peasant possession as voicing the trend of modern

opinion (a partiality, however, which, realising his mistake, he was

subsequently partially cured of) and even was twitted with going a

step farther than Michael Davitt in the striking views he at one time

inculcated as a backtothelander, which was one reason he strongly

resented the innuendo put upon him in so barefaced a fashion by our

friend at the gathering of the clans in Barney Kiernan's so that he,

though often considerably misunderstood and the least pugnacious of

mortals, be it repeated, departed from his customary habit to give

him (metaphorically) one in the gizzard though, so far as politics

themselves were concerned, he was only too conscious of the casualties

invariably resulting from propaganda and displays of mutual animosity

and the misery and suffering it entailed as a foregone conclusion on

fine young fellows, chiefly, destruction of the fittest, in a word.

Anyhow upon weighing up the pros and cons, getting on for one, as it

was, it was high time to be retiring for the night. The crux was it

was a bit risky to bring him home as eventualities might possibly ensue

(somebody having a temper of her own sometimes) and spoil the hash

altogether as on the night he misguidedly brought home a dog (breed

unknown) with a lame paw (not that the cases were either identical or

the reverse though he had hurt his hand too) to Ontario Terrace as he

very distinctly remembered, having been there, so to speak. On the

other hand it was altogether far and away too late for the Sandymount

or Sandycove suggestion so that he was in some perplexity as to which of

the two alternatives. Everything pointed to the fact that it behoved him

to avail himself to the full of the opportunity, all things considered.

His initial impression was he was a shade standoffish or not over

effusive but it grew on him someway. For one thing he mightn't what you

call jump at the idea, if approached, and what mostly worried him was

he didn't know how to lead up to it or word it exactly, supposing he

did entertain the proposal, as it would afford him very great personal

pleasure if he would allow him to help to put coin in his way or some

wardrobe, if found suitable. At all events he wound up by concluding,

eschewing for the nonce hidebound precedent, a cup of Epps's cocoa and

a shakedown for the night plus the use of a rug or two and overcoat

doubled into a pillow at least he would be in safe hands and as warm as

a toast on a trivet he failed to perceive any very vast amount of harm

in that always with the proviso no rumpus of any sort was kicked up.

A move had to be made because that merry old soul, the grasswidower

in question who appeared to be glued to the spot, didn't appear in any

particular hurry to wend his way home to his dearly beloved Queenstown

and it was highly likely some sponger's bawdyhouse of retired beauties

where age was no bar off Sheriff street lower would be the best clue

to that equivocal character's whereabouts for a few days to come,

alternately racking their feelings (the mermaids') with sixchamber

revolver anecdotes verging on the tropical calculated to freeze

the marrow of anybody's bones and mauling their largesized charms

betweenwhiles with rough and tumble gusto to the accompaniment of large

potations of potheen and the usual blarney about himself for as to who

he in reality was let x equal my right name and address, as Mr Algebra

remarks passim. At the same time he inwardly chuckled over his gentle

repartee to the blood and ouns champion about his god being a jew.

People could put up with being bitten by a wolf but what properly riled

them was a bite from a sheep. The most vulnerable point too of tender

Achilles. Your god was a jew. Because mostly they appeared to imagine he

came from Carrick-on-Shannon or somewhereabouts in the county Sligo.

—I propose, our hero eventually suggested after mature reflection while

prudently pocketing her photo, as it's rather stuffy here you just come

home with me and talk things over. My diggings are quite close in the

vicinity. You can't drink that stuff. Do you like cocoa? Wait. I'll just

pay this lot.

The best plan clearly being to clear out, the remainder being plain

sailing, he beckoned, while prudently pocketing the photo, to the keeper

of the shanty who didn't seem to.

—Yes, that's the best, he assured Stephen to whom for the matter of

that Brazen Head or him or anywhere else was all more or less.

All kinds of Utopian plans were flashing through his (B's) busy brain,

education (the genuine article), literature, journalism, prize titbits,

up to date billing, concert tours in English watering resorts packed

with hydros and seaside theatres, turning money away, duets in Italian

with the accent perfectly true to nature and a quantity of other

things, no necessity, of course, to tell the world and his wife from the

housetops about it, and a slice of luck. An opening was all was wanted.

Because he more than suspected he had his father's voice to bank his

hopes on which it was quite on the cards he had so it would be just as

well, by the way no harm, to trail the conversation in the direction of

that particular red herring just to.

The cabby read out of the paper he had got hold of that the former

viceroy, earl Cadogan, had presided at the cabdrivers' association

dinner in London somewhere. Silence with a yawn or two accompanied this

thrilling announcement. Then the old specimen in the corner who appeared

to have some spark of vitality left read out that sir Anthony MacDonnell

had left Euston for the chief secretary's lodge or words to that effect.

To which absorbing piece of intelligence echo answered why.

—Give us a squint at that literature, grandfather, the ancient mariner

put in, manifesting some natural impatience.

—And welcome, answered the elderly party thus addressed.

The sailor lugged out from a case he had a pair of greenish goggles

which he very slowly hooked over his nose and both ears.

—Are you bad in the eyes? the sympathetic personage like the townclerk


—Why, answered the seafarer with the tartan beard, who seemingly was

a bit of a literary cove in his own small way, staring out of seagreen

portholes as you might well describe them as, I uses goggles reading.

Sand in the Red Sea done that. One time I could read a book in the dark,

manner of speaking. The Arabian Nights Entertainment was my favourite

and Red as a Rose is She.

Hereupon he pawed the journal open and pored upon Lord only knows what,

found drowned or the exploits of King Willow, Iremonger having made a

hundred and something second wicket not out for Notts, during which

time (completely regardless of Ire) the keeper was intensely occupied

loosening an apparently new or secondhand boot which manifestly pinched

him as he muttered against whoever it was sold it, all of them who were

sufficiently awake enough to be picked out by their facial expressions,

that is to say, either simply looking on glumly or passing a trivial


To cut a long story short Bloom, grasping the situation, was the first

to rise from his seat so as not to outstay their welcome having first

and foremost, being as good as his word that he would foot the bill for

the occasion, taken the wise precaution to unobtrusively motion to mine

host as a parting shot a scarcely perceptible sign when the others were

not looking to the effect that the amount due was forthcoming, making a

grand total of fourpence (the amount he deposited unobtrusively in

four coppers, literally the last of the Mohicans), he having previously

spotted on the printed pricelist for all who ran to read opposite him

in unmistakable figures, coffee 2d, confectionery do, and honestly well

worth twice the money once in a way, as Wetherup used to remark.

—Come, he counselled to close the séance.

Seeing that the ruse worked and the coast was clear they left the

shelter or shanty together and the élite society of oilskin and

company whom nothing short of an earthquake would move out of their

dolce far niente. Stephen, who confessed to still feeling poorly and

fagged out, paused at the, for a moment, the door.

—One thing I never understood, he said to be original on the spur of

the moment. Why they put tables upside down at night, I mean chairs

upside down, on the tables in cafes. To which impromptu the neverfailing

Bloom replied without a moment's hesitation, saying straight off:

—To sweep the floor in the morning.

So saying he skipped around, nimbly considering, frankly at the same

time apologetic to get on his companion's right, a habit of his, by the

bye, his right side being, in classical idiom, his tender Achilles. The

night air was certainly now a treat to breathe though Stephen was a bit

weak on his pins.

—It will (the air) do you good, Bloom said, meaning also the walk, in

a moment. The only thing is to walk then you'll feel a different man.

Come. It's not far. Lean on me.

Accordingly he passed his left arm in Stephen's right and led him on


—Yes, Stephen said uncertainly because he thought he felt a strange

kind of flesh of a different man approach him, sinewless and wobbly and

all that.

Anyhow they passed the sentrybox with stones, brazier etc. where

the municipal supernumerary, ex Gumley, was still to all intents and

purposes wrapped in the arms of Murphy, as the adage has it, dreaming

of fresh fields and pastures new. And apropos of coffin of stones the

analogy was not at all bad as it was in fact a stoning to death on the

part of seventytwo out of eighty odd constituencies that ratted at the

time of the split and chiefly the belauded peasant class, probably the

selfsame evicted tenants he had put in their holdings.

So they turned on to chatting about music, a form of art for which

Bloom, as a pure amateur, possessed the greatest love, as they made

tracks arm in arm across Beresford place. Wagnerian music, though

confessedly grand in its way, was a bit too heavy for Bloom and hard to

follow at the first go-off but the music of Mercadante's Huguenots,

Meyerbeer's Seven Last Words on the Cross and Mozart's Twelfth Mass

he simply revelled in, the Gloria in that being, to his mind, the acme

of first class music as such, literally knocking everything else into

a cocked hat. He infinitely preferred the sacred music of the catholic

church to anything the opposite shop could offer in that line such as

those Moody and Sankey hymns or Bid me to live and i will live

thy protestant to be. He also yielded to none in his admiration of

Rossini's Stabat Mater, a work simply abounding in immortal numbers,

in which his wife, Madam Marion Tweedy, made a hit, a veritable

sensation, he might safely say, greatly adding to her other laureis and

putting the others totally in the shade, in the jesuit fathers' church

in upper Gardiner street, the sacred edifice being thronged to the

doors to hear her with virtuosos, or virtuosi rather. There was the

unanimous opinion that there was none to come up to her and suffice it

to say in a place of worship for music of a sacred character there was

a generally voiced desire for an encore. On the whole though favouring

preferably light opera of the Don Giovanni description and Martha,

a gem in its line, he had a penchant,